Trained Parents Can Help Improve their Child's Reasoning Abilities
When parents are trained on how
to support a child's cognitive and socio-emotional skills, the results were positive
but showed modest improvement in reasoning abilities of children.
The study results are based on the outcome of the Curious Minds educational parent program implemented in Netherlands. When parents were trained to modify their interactions at home it was found to improve the parental questioning style. The questioning style was observed during problem solving-interactions at home and those who were trained asked significantly more open-ended, observational and explanatory questions at post-test when compared to the controlled group. However, asking more observational or explanatory questions did not improve children's reasoning abilities.
The research was conducted among parents of 138 four to eight year old children from the lowest four grades of two Dutch primary schools. The study is based on observational data of parent's interactive behavior with their child collected during problem-solving interactions during home visits. The contents of the parent educational program was inspired by the Vygotskian principles of the Tools of the Mind curriculum for pre-school children.