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December 06, 2021 Monday 12:06:28 PM IST

Social Interaction is a kind of Natural Motivation

Just imagine a world only you are there! You will be eager to find a companion just like you. You will see that after so many failed attempts of checking a partner around other cities and towns you become desperate and understand that ‘I am alone in this planet.’, Slowly, you start to withdraw your skills, abilities and talents as there is no one to watch it, appreciate it and acknowledge it. For we, the homosapiens, require a world with others to lead a happy and healthy social life. 

A research team from the University of Geneva has discovered that neurons linked to the reward system are responsible for motivating living beings, especially mammals to interact with their fellow beings. In order to observe which neurons are activated during social interaction, the researchers taught mice to perform a simple task that allows them to enter in contact with their fellow mice. Here goes the experimental procedure: two mice were placed in two different compartments and separated by a door. When the first mouse pressed a lever, the door opened temporarily, allowing social contact to be established with the second mouse through a grid. As the experiment progressed, the mouse understood that it had to press the lever to join its fellow mouse. With this task, it was measured that the effort of the mice willing to put to engage in interaction with its fellow companion. 

Through proper diagnosis of neuron activation found that the interaction between two mice, similarly to other natural reward, led to the activation of a kind of neuron which are located within the reward system.