Technology Inceptions: India to Establish One lakh Digital Villages: Ravi Shankar Prasad  |  Best Practices: FSSAI to Impose Curbs on Promoting Unhealthy Products in School Premises  |  Management lessons: E-Services Most Important in Design of Smart Tourism Organisation  |  Rajagiri Round Table: 'Draft New Educational Policy Comprehensive, Hurdles Likely in Implementation'  |  International Edu News: Estonian schools promote English  |  Technology Inceptions: Microsoft AI Helps Leading Attract More Jobseekers, Employers  |  Technology Inceptions: Microsoft To Set up AI Digital Labs in Association With 10 Universities  |  Science Innovations: IIT Guwahati Develops Simple Technique to Check Milk Quality  |  Teacher Insights: Rural-Urban Divide Among Animals Too- The Case of Bengaluru Lizards  |  Technology Inceptions: Steam game streaming for iPhone, Apple TV   |  Parent Interventions: Picky-eating tots get constipation  |  National Edu News: Check AIIMS MBBS Exam Results  |  Higher Studies: EducationUSA India Mobile App Launched  |  International Edu News: Indian Student Enrolments in US Universities Double in a Decade  |  Policy Indications: IIT Delhi To Study How Much Heat Stress You Can Endure  |  
  • Pallikkutam Magazine
  • Companion Magazine
  • Mentor
  • Smart Board
  • Pallikkutam Publications

February 27, 2018 Tuesday 04:44:10 PM IST

Phantom traffic jams unlocked

Science Innovations

27th February, 2018: A new study by researchers of Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) reveals the causes behind the so called “phantom traffic jams”, the traffic jams which occurs without any apparent reason and suggests plausible solutions. The results are published in the journal IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems.

Phantom traffic jams are known to every driver. The traffic crawls to a halt from high tempo, without any apparent reason, like an accident, a construction site, etc. Professor Berthold Horn of MIT has studied the phenomena for long years before he came to an interesting insight into how to avoid its occurrence.

According to Professor Horn, phantom jam begins as a single car in a dense traffic slows down due to some reason or the other. Even when this is a slight slowdown, the car behind that vehicle is forced to slow even more and this spirals backward into the entire system of traffic as a wave, getting worse the farther it spreads. Eventually, the cars far behind are forced to stop completely to avoid hitting the slower vehicle ahead. The traffic comes to a halt over nothing, causing a “Phantom traffic jam”.

Professor Horn also suggests clues to avoid phantom traffic jams. The first idea is to increase the distances between cars in a stream of traffic. If the distances between the vehicles are sufficiently large, the slow-down effect will not get amplified by the vehicles that follow behind. Each driver will be able to make course corrections to accommodate the slowing down of the vehicle in front, without creating any spiraling effect.

Horn calls this method of vehicle spacing bilateral control. It could be achieved through simple modifications to the adaptive cruise control (ACC), many modern vehicles possess. The networked self-driving cars of the future should invariably incorporate adaptive cruise control to avoid phantom traffic jams, recommends Prof. Horn. Making sure that equal spacing is maintained between vehicles on the road, rather than tailgating, the problem of phantom traffic jams could be completely eliminated, concludes Prof. Horn.