Life Inspirations: Sushila Sable-From Waste Picker to Ambassador of Climate Change  |  Science Innovations: Killing drug-resistant bacteria  |  Technology Inceptions: Canon EOS 200D II DSLR With Dual Pixel AF  |  Teacher Insights: Exercise activates memory neural networks   |  Management lessons: BPCL Allows Women Chemical Engineers in Night Shift  |  Health Monitor: Increase in Global Alcoholism Raises Global Disease Burden  |  Parent Interventions: Obesity in Pre-Pregnancy Stage Can Affect Quality of Breast Milk  |  Higher Studies: Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology UG Admissions  |  Technology Inceptions: Now Drones to Deliver Food   |  Technology Inceptions: India to Establish One lakh Digital Villages: Ravi Shankar Prasad  |  Best Practices: FSSAI to Impose Curbs on Promoting Unhealthy Products in School Premises  |  Management lessons: E-Services Most Important in Design of Smart Tourism Organisation  |  Rajagiri Round Table: 'Draft New Educational Policy Comprehensive, Hurdles Likely in Implementation'  |  International Edu News: Estonian schools promote English  |  Technology Inceptions: Microsoft AI Helps Leading Naukrigulf.com Attract More Jobseekers, Employers  |  
  • Pallikkutam Magazine
  • Companion Magazine
  • Mentor
  • Smart Board
  • Pallikkutam Publications

July 13, 2018 Friday 07:43:20 PM IST

Parental style: classification and outcome

Parent Interventions

Parental style as perceived by children is composed of two main dimensions: demandingness and responsiveness

Demandingness describes parental expectations that are related to children’s behavior and socialization. Responsiveness implies parents’ general tendency of providing warmth, support and a positive attitude towards their child’s attitude.

The study by Diana Baumrind classifies parental style into four categories: authoritative, authoritarian, permissive and neglectful.

Authoritative parenting:  warm and responsive and with clear rules, emphasizes on high expectations, and also provides support and value independence.


The outcomes of such parenting are found to be higher academic performance, more self esteem, better social skills, less mental illness and lower delinquency.  

Authoritarian Style:  unresponsive, strict rules, high expectation and expect blind obedience.

The results of this style are found to be lower academic performance, less self esteem, poorer social skills, mental illness, drug/alcohol abuse, delinquency.

Permissive style: warm and responsive, a few or no rules, indulgent, lenient.


The end results on children are predicted as impulsive behavior, ego-centric, poorer social skills and problematic relationship.   

Neglectful parental style:  cold and unresponsive, no rules, uninvolved, indifferent.

The associated outcomes highlighted are impulsive behavior, delinquency, drug and alcohol abuse and suicides.  


                                                                                                                                                                        (indebted to various sources)


Comments