Nobel Stories: a Throwback and Latest Updates
Adding to new list of Nobel Prize winners 2021, between 1901 and 2020, 603 Nobel Prizes were awarded to 962 laureates. A Polish-French physicist, Marie Curie was the first person to win two Nobel Prizes in 1903 and 1911 for her work in the advancement in physics and chemistry. In 2014, Malala Yousefzai became the youngest person to receive a Nobel Prize. She shared the prize for Peace with Kailash Satyarthi for their struggle against the suppression of children and young people and for the right of all children to education.
While the Nobel Prize is a global award, just more than half of all prize winners are from Europe. The United States has the highest number of Nobel laureates. After Europe and North America, Asia has the third-highest number of Nobel laureates according to 2020 statistics. More than 90 percent of Nobel Prize winners have been men. In 2020, four out of the 11 Nobel laureates were women.
On 4th October 2021, US scientists David Julius and Ardem Patapoutian won the Nobel Prize in medicine for their discoveries on nerve receptors for temperature and touch.
The next day, US-Japanese scientist Syukuro Manabe, Klaus Hasselmann of Germany and Giorgio Parisi of Italy won the physics prize for climate models and the understanding of physical systems.
On 6th October 2021, scientists Benjamin List and David WC MacMillan were awarded the top prize in chemistry for developing a new type of catalyst to accelerate chemical reactions.
And on 7th October, Gurnah won the prize in literature for his work on the effects of colonialism and refugees.