Major Recommendations of Draft National Education Policy, 2019
1) It is built on the
foundational pillars of Access, Equity, Quality, Affordability and
2) The Name of Ministry of Human Resources Development as Ministry of Education
3)Major reconfiguration of curricular and pedagogical structure with Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE) as an integral part of the school education.
4) Children of ages 3-18 to be included under Extension of Right to Education Act,2009
5) 10 +2 structure will be replaced by 5+3++3+4 curricular and pedagogical structure based on cognitive and socio-emotional developmental stages of children.
6)Foundational Stage (age 3-8 yrs): 3 years of pre-primary plus Grades 1-2; Preparatory Stage (8-11 years): Grades 3-5; Middle Stage (11-14 years): Grades 6-8; and Secondary Stage (14-18 years): Grades 9-12.
7)Schools to be re-organised into school complexes.
8)Reduce content load in school education curriculum.
9)No separation between curricular and co-curricular or extra-curricular areas. All subjects including arts, music, crafts, yoga,community service will be curricular.
10)It promotes active pedagogy that will focus on the development of core capacities: and life skills, including 21st century skills.
11)Massive revamp of teacher traning-sub-standard institutions to be shut down and moving all teacher preparation/education programmes into large multi-disciplinary universities/colleges. The 4-year integrated stage-specific BEd programme will eventually be the minimum degree qualification for teachers.
12)Higher Education Restructuring-a restructuring of higher education institutions with three types of higher education institutions is proposed- Type 1: Focused on world-class research and high-quality teaching; Type 2: Focused on high quality teaching across disciplines with significant contribution to research; Type 3: High quality teaching focused on undergraduate education. This will be driven by two Missions -Mission Nalanda & Mission Takshashila. There will be re-structuring of Undergraduate programs (e.g. BSc, BA, BCom, BVoc) of 3 or 4 years duration and having multiple exit and entry options.
13)A new apex body Rashtriya Shiksha Ayog is proposed to enable a holistic and integrated implementation of all educational initiatives and programmatic interventions, and to coordinate efforts between the Centre and States. The National Research Foundation, an apex body is proposed for creating a strong research culture and building research capacity across higher education.
14)The four functions of Standard setting, Funding, Accreditation and Regulation to be separated and conducted by independent bodies: National Higher Education Regulatory Authority as the only regulator for all higher education including professional education; Creation of accreditation eco-system led by revamped NAAC; Professional Standard Setting Bodies for each area of professional education and UGC to transform to Higher Education Grants Commission (HEGC). The private and public institutions will be treated on par and education will remain a ‘not for profit’ activity.
15)Several new policy initiatives for promoting internationalization of higher education, strengthening quality open and distance learning, technology integration at all levels of education, adult and lifelong learning and initiatives to enhance participation of under-represented groups, and eliminate gender, social category and regional gaps in education outcomes are recommended. Promotion of Indian and Classical Languages and setting up three new National Institutes for Pali, Persian and Prakrit and an Indian Institute of Translation and Interpretation (IITI) has been recommended.
Photo Caption: Dr Kasturirangan, Chairman of National Committee on Draft Educational Policy along with other members releasing the document