Vitamin B9 and B12 deficiencies in teenagers may lead to psychiatric disorders in children especially teenagers, according to a new research study.
The study was conducted among 780 children with psychiatric illness monitored over three years. Patients with depressive symptoms were seen to me more deficient in Vitamin B12 as per a paper presented at the European Psychiatric Association 2019 Congress. Deficiency of both the vitamins can cause hyper homocysteinemia. The vitamins act on the gluthiathone and myelination pathways responsible for neuroplasticity and neuronal integrity. Of the total sample, vitamin B9 deficiency was observed in over 40% and B12 deficiency in 19% and deficiency of both was seen in 11% of the cases.
The study points out to the need for proper diet for children from a young age and assessment of vitamin deficiencies especially in children with eating disorders. Unless proper supplementation is provided such children can end up with neurodevelopmental impairment in adolescence, the study warns. Vitamin B9 is usually found in beans, spinach, broccoli, mangoes, avocado, lettuce while source of B12 are fish, low fat beef, eggs, clams, crab etc.