How can we Revert Peanut Allergies in Children?
Peanuts are a common cause of serious allergic reactions. If you’re allergic to them, a tiny amount can trigger a major reaction. Even just touching peanuts can bring on a reaction for some people. Children are more likely than adults to have peanut allergies. While some grow out of it, others need to avoid peanuts for life.
A clinical trial funded by the National Institutes of Health, a component of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, has found that giving peanut oral immunotherapy to highly peanut-allergic children ages 1 to 3 years safely desensitized most of them to peanut and induced remission of peanut allergy in one-fifth. The immunotherapy consisted of a daily oral dose of peanut flour for 2.5 years. Remission was defined as being able to eat 5 grams of peanut protein, equivalent to 1.5 tablespoons of peanut butter, without having an allergic reaction six months after completing immunotherapy. The youngest children and those who started the trial with lower levels of peanut-specific antibodies were most likely to achieve remission.