Behaviour in High School Predicts a Lot about Later Life
California: Maintaining an interest in school and having good reading and writing skills could be predictors of educational and occupational success decades later, regardless of IQ, parental socioeconomic status or other personality factors. The research has been published by the American Psychological Association. The research was published in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology.
"Educational researchers, political scientists and economists are increasingly interested in the traits and skills that parents, teachers and schools should foster in children to enhance chances of success later in life," said lead author Marion Spengler, PhD, of the University of Tübingen. "Our research found that specific behaviors in high school have long-lasting effects for one's later life."
Spengler and her coauthors analyzed data collected by the American Institutes for Research from 346,660 U.S. high school students in 1960, along with follow-up data from 81,912 of those students 11 years later and 1,952 of them 50 years later.
Being a responsible student, showing an interest in school and having fewer problems with reading and writing were all significantly associated with greater educational attainment and finding a more prestigious job both 11 years and 50 years after high school. These factors were also all associated with higher income at the 50-year mark.
Further analysis of the data suggested that much of the effect could be explained by overall educational achievement, according to Spengler.
"Student characteristics and behaviors were rewarded in high school and led to higher educational attainment, which in turn was related to greater occupational prestige and income later in life," she said. "This study highlights the possibility that certain behaviors at crucial periods could have long-term consequences for a person's life."
(Source: American Psychological Association)