Leadership Instincts: IIT Hyderabad -ICAT MoU for Collaboration in Autonomous Navigation  |  Education Information: IIT Hyderabad Retains Top 10 Rank in QS Rankings in India  |  Cover Story: Elimination Round or Aptitude Test- How to Align CUET with NEP 2020 Goals  |  Life Inspirations: Master of a Dog House  |  Education Information: Climate Predictions: Is it all a Piffle!  |  Leadership Instincts: Raj Mashruwala Establishes CfHE Vagbhata Chair in Medical Devices at IITH   |  Parent Interventions: 10 Tricks to Help You Prepare for This Year's IB Chemistry Test  |  National Edu News: TiHAN supports a Chair for Prof Srikanth Saripalli at IIT Hyderabad  |  Teacher Insights: How To Build Competitive Mindset in Children Without Stressing Them  |  Parent Interventions: What Books Children Must Read this Summer Vacation   |  Policy Indications: CUET Mandatory for Central Universities  |  Teacher Insights: Classroom Dialogue for a Better World  |  Rajagiri Round Table: Is Time Ripe for Entrepreneurial Universities in India?  |  Life Inspirations: How to Overcome Fear of Public Speaking  |  Parent Interventions: Wide Ranging Problems of Preterm Infants  |  
August 14, 2019 Wednesday 01:51:49 PM IST

Antipsychotic drugs Not Effective for ADHD

Photo by Patrice Audet for PIxabay.com

 Antipsychotic drugs are not effective in the treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorders (ADHD). However, they continue to be prescribed to youth who show aggressive and impulise behaviour, according to researchers at Columbia University Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons. 
Mark Olfson, MD, MPH, senior author of the study said that there are substantial risks associated with the use of antipsychotic drugs in young people, including weight gain, hyerplipidemia, diabetes and even unexpected death. 
The study report was based on medical and prescription drug data on 187,563 commercially insured youths (3-24 years of age) who were diagnosed with ADHD between 2010 and 2015. At the time of ADHD diagnosis, none of the youths were diagnosed with a psychiatric disorder such as schizophrenia or bipolar disorder. Anti-psychotic drugs use was highest 94.3%) in the youngest children diagnosed with ADHD, those aged 3-5 years.
In about half of those taking antipsychotic drugs, the researchers identified a potential diagnostic rationale—such as bipolar disorder, psychosis, ODD, or CD—for prescribing them. 
“While antipsychotics are not FDA-approved for these diagnoses, there is scientific evidence to support their use in treating severe symptoms of ADHD,” says Ryan S. Sultan, MD, lead author of the paper and assistant professor of clinical psychiatry at Columbia University Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons.
The study also found that fewer than half of the children and adolescents taking antipsychotic drugs had been treated first with stimulants such as Adderall and Ritalin, the recommended medication treatment for ADHD.
“Many physicians bypassed stimulants and went right to antipsychotics contrary to expert opinion about treatment for ADHD and unnecessarily exposing patients to the risk of severe side effects such as substantial weight gain,” adds Sultan.



Comments